Jul 17, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – Indonesian health officials are reporting that a 44-year-old man who died last week tested positive for the H5N1 avian influenza virus, according to news services.If the man’s lab results are confirmed by a World Health Organization (WHO) accredited laboratory in Hong Kong, he will be Indonesia’s 42nd avian flu fatality and 54th confirmed case. Also, Indonesia will be tied with Vietnam for the highest avian flu death toll.The man, who lived in East Jakarta, died Jul 12 after being hospitalized for 2 days with high fever, coughing, and breathing difficulties, Indonesian health official I Nyoman Kandun told The Jakarta Post. Kandun said the man had a history of contact with chickens, and the article said he was a fried-chicken vendor.With the latest death, the case-fatality rate for avian flu in Indonesia is 78%, whereas Vietnam, with 93 cases and 42 deaths, has a fatality rate of 45%. According to the WHO tally, the overall case-fatality rate is 57% (230 cases, 132 deaths).Kandun said Indonesia expects more human H5N1 cases because the disease continues to circulate throughout the country, with a presence in 27 of 32 provinces. He added that culling millions of chickens throughout the country would be too costly and urged Indonesians to take basic safety measures such as washing their hands after handling sick birds.Vietnam seems to have stemmed avian flu outbreaks. The country has not reported a human fatality this year, whereas Indonesia has had several cases each month.According to the Post report, the Indonesian government needs $980 million to finance its avian influenza programs from 2006 to 2008. The funds would go toward activities such as compensating farmers for culled chickens, purchasing vaccines, and planning for a pandemic.A senior WHO official in Indonesia, Steven Bjorge, told the Post that worldwide concern about the avian flu situation in Indonesia is continuing and said he hoped that health and agriculture ministries would work more closely to fight the disease. He suggested that that comparisons between Indonesia and Vietnam can be misleading, because Indonesia is much larger than Vietnam. (Indonesia has the world’s fourth largest population and the 16th largest area, whereas Vietnam ranks 12th and 65th in those measures.)In other developments, yesterday at the Group of Eight summit meeting in St Petersburg, Russia, world leaders issued a joint statement supporting a Russian proposal to build “the WHO Collaborating Centre on Influenza for Eurasia and Central Asia,” provided the center meets WHO and other international standards. Leaders also vowed to follow through on the commitments they made last January at the Beijing International Pledging Conference on Avian and Pandemic Influenza.Meanwhile, Channel NewsAsia reported that Singapore will stage a large-scale test of its pandemic response plan on Jul 21 and 22. The test, called Exercise Sparrowhawk II, will involve 1,000 personnel from key government agencies and 19 locations, including transportation terminals, hospitals, clinics, and schools.The report said masks will be given to visitors at hospitals, and the health ministry will ask the public to wear masks if they experience flu-like symptoms. Rapid-response teams are slated to institute infection control measures and manage initial cases at healthcare facilities. Hundreds of volunteers will play the role of patients, and police will practice for crowd-control situations, such as when people descend on clinics to purchase antiviral medications.See also:G8 summit statement on global fight against infectious diseaseshttp://www.en.g8russia.ru/docs/10.html
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After leading the Schenley Spartans to a PIAA state championship in 2007, DeJuan Blair, D.J. Kennedy and DeAndre Kane all made it to the major-college level of competition. One of them has achieved a level to which many aspire from the first time they take their first steps on the hardwood.Blair, the most noted of the three, played two seasons at Pitt from 2007-09 and was drafted by the San Antonio Spurs as the 37th overall selection. He is now in his second season with the franchise where he broke the starting lineup this season and is averaging 7.8 points and 6.8 rebounds per game for the team with the best record in the NBA.But the two other aforementioned players have and are currently putting together fine careers in college basketball.In the 2006-07 school year, Kennedy averaged 17.7 points, 7.5 rebounds, and 4.5 assists per game for the Spartans during his senior season. He was ranked as high as the 35th-best small forward in the nation, according to multiple recruit evaluation services. A career that was good enough to give him an opportunity to play at St. John’s University where he is his fourth year with the Red Storm.“It has been great to play at a big school, in big games and in a big city,” Kennedy said. “What we accomplished at Schenley was special. It makes me glad to be able to represent Pittsburgh and all the talent that it has.”D.J. is averaging just over 10 points and 5 rebounds for St. John’s. His father was a player at Fifth Avenue High School in the ‘70s, where they experienced success as well. The elder Kennedy was a letter winner University of Cincinnati from 1978-81.Kane, now a redshirt freshman at Marshall, was the New Pittsburgh Courier Boys’ Basketball Player of the Year after his senior season at Schenley in 2008, when he averaged 33 points and 11 rebounds per contest. His 35 points in the City Championship, that year, helped his Spartans to a third-consecutive title.He then played a year at the Patterson School—a prep program in North Carolina, where he averaged 15.6 points per game. The team went 34-2 that year, garnering a No.1 prep school national ranking in the process. Kane is currently averaging over 15 points and 5 rebounds for Marshall, as their starting shooting guard.“(Winning the State title) with Schenley was the most fun (I’d ever had),” Kane said. “We had lost the year before. After that, we were determined to come back and win it. And that’s exactly what happened. That thought brings back great memories.”Fred Skrocki, affectionately referred to as ‘coach sky’, was the mastermind that was behind the team that produced the three-peat city champion and state title winning Spartans of 2005-08. Kane and Kennedy both stood on the notion that their high school coach was more than just a coach.“He was terrific,” Kane said. “One of the best coaches I’ve ever had in my life. He was more like a father to all of us, than a coach. What a great man.”“Coach Sky was definitely like a father to us,” Kennedy added. “He always supported us and was behind us in anything we decided to do.”Skrocki, like a proud father, feels the same way about his former players. He’s now the head girls’ basketball coach at West Shamokin High School in Armstrong County. He said that he had such a great time with his Spartans team, that he would “never coach boys’ basketball again.” He also cited that his current players “iconize” DeJuan Blair.“They know all about him,” he said. “They have posters and all that stuff. They absolutely love him.”He went on to describe how proud of his players for, not only their accomplishments on the court, but for continuing their education, stressing it was always a point of emphasis with his players.“D.J. is getting ready to graduate with a degree and that is so special,” Skrocki added. “DeJuan also mentioned to me that he plans on going back to Pitt over the summers to take classes. I couldn’t be more proud of the fact that they understand that getting an education is so important.” by Malik VincentThere are several players who left the confines of the City League—namely Schenley High School, and joined some noted college programs. D.J. KENNEDY (Photo by St. John’s athletic communications)
“Up until about two days from the event I wasn’t even registered. My friend (Ayla) had to convince me to sign up, and I still wasn’t sure I was going to be accepted because I was such a late entry. And then transportation became an issue because I don’t live locally,” Aiello said. “This situation could have turned out much differently if any one of those hurdles had gotten in the way.” For McGraw, “thank you” didn’t capture the emotions that overcame her when her husband, William, awoke in the hospital following a heart-stopping medical emergency he suffered on the side of Route 36 while participating in the annual Bike New York-sanctioned Twin Lights Ride. Hitting Close to Home What Might Have Been “Thank you hardly seems like enough,” she said in the emotional letter, read aloud by Highlands Police Chief Robert Burton at a Jan. 16 government meeting filled with residents, police and fire department personnel and local EMS workers. “It makes me think about my own family and how lucky I am.” Actions Speak Louder Than Words “When you enter this job you accept that you’ll have to be doing things like this. It’s something that can be perceived as extraordinary, but a lot of extraordinary things happen on the job,” Roxby explained. “Thankfully the guy didn’t need any help, but then I said to (Ayla) that I knew CPR, but I was thankful I didn’t have to use it. And looking back it’s the craziest thing, because there was nothing that could have prepared me for a few hours later when I would end up performing it. But this incident really put me on edge and in that state of mind.” HIGHLANDS – In a heartfelt letter to three good Samaritans who helped save her husband’s life during a cycling event in September, Kathleen McGraw said she struggled to find the words to express gratitude. “I think this is a case of the training and experience taking over. I’ve performed CPR a few times now. In some cases it’s been unsuccessful. And in others, like this, it was successful. I’m just very thankful that the three of us could draw from the experience of working in stressful situations,” said Roxby, referring to Ramirez’s membership with the Roselle Fire Department, and Aiello’s employment history with the Metropolitan Transit Authority and NJ Transit. Saying “thank you” couldn’t possibly sum up the tears of joy she swiped away when her two young daughters, Kathleen and Annie, and teenage son Liam rushed to William’s bedside to share a deep embrace. “I’m very appreciative of the people who saved me, and appreciative of the people these biking events bring together. These are people who enjoy life, who celebrate life and in my case, people who can save a life. Because of them I am still here with my family, and I can’t thank them enough for giving me that gift,” said McGraw, who added that prior to the Twin Lights Ride he had never visited Highlands, and quipped that after missing the easiest leg of the race, a downhill stretch from Route 36 to Huddy Park, he needs to return to for another biking excursion. Burton explained that two nearby riders, Aiello and Ramirez, dismounted their bikes, raced to McGraw and began performing CPR in tandem. Just three and a half months removed from the incident, McGraw was a man of few words at the Jan. 16 awards ceremony, standing together with his saviors under the same roof for the first time and thankful for the time they’ve given him. “It’s not something you really think about until a night like this, when you see him with his wife and kids. And you start thinking about that letter, and their kids having another Christmas, another birthday, another wedding, and that really makes it hit home,” said Roxby. Roxby said the gravity of his actions, in cooperation with Aiello’s and Ramirez’s, didn’t sink in until the Jan. 16 meeting, when he came face-to-face with the entire McGraw family. Aiello went on to describe an ominous moment during the race when she witnessed a fellow rider get clipped by a passing motorist and how it placed her in an anticipatory mindset. A motorist who observed the incident reported it to a Highlands Police officer patrolling about a mile away from the scene. The emergency was reported and Roxby was the first officer to respond, treating McGraw with a defibrillator unit until the Highlands First Aid Squad arrived and transported McGraw to Monmouth Medical Center in Long Branch. During the Sept. 30 incident, William McGraw collapsed on the side of the highway approximately a half mile from the finish line located at the borough’s Huddy Park, across the street from Kranky Cycles and the Waterwitch Cafe on Waterwitch Avenue. According to Aiello, the Brooklyn resident has thought a lot about the events of Sept. 30, most prominently about how she almost didn’t attend the biking event, and what her absence might have meant. A return trip will be made simpler for McGraw and his family after Bike New York president Ken Podziba, who attended the meeting, told William he may participate in any future sanctioned event free of charge. “We are looking forward to Christmas, the New Year, and hopefully many more holidays and birthdays and vacations and family movie nights and graduations and weddings. These dreams can exist because of your actions that day. We are forever grateful.” For Kathleen, actions are more impactful than words ever can be, a notion that brought the McGraw family from their Hoboken home to the borough’s community center on a frigid winter evening to honor Alexandra Aiello, Claudio Ramirez and Capt. George Roxby by awarding the heroic trio of first responders with Lifesaving Medals.
The elephant cow Curve with her newborn twins, yet to be named, in Pongola Game Reserve. • The Devil’s Pool: A swim at the edge of the world • So this giraffe walks into a restaurant … and the video goes viral • South Africa’s national parks • Elephants get their day • South Africa’s elephant Norms and Standards to be amendedStaff writer. Images by Malcolm Thomson, general manager of Pongola Game ReservePongola Game Reserve, a 7 200-hectare big-four game reserve in northern KwaZulu-Natal, reported the birth of African elephant twins in early December. Scientific evidence suggests that twins result from under 1% of elephant birth – making this an extremely rare event. There is even less chance of both twins surviving to adulthood.Elephant specialist Dr Ian Whyte of the Kruger National Park says the chance of African elephant twins being born may be as low as 0.5%.“Though a few cases of twinning have been reported in the Kruger National Park, an examination of the reproductive tracts of over 1 200 adult cows culled in the Kruger National Park during population control operations did not yield a single case of twins,” he says “An earlier study published by Smuts in 1975 found two sets of twins among 353 embryos examined which is a 0.5% prevalence.”In humans, the prevalence of twins can rise as high as 5% – five out of every 100 births – although the average is somewhere nearer to 3%.The as-yet unnamed twins were born to a 31-year-old elephant cow called Curve, named for the curve of one of her tusks. Before the twins she had already produced three calves, all male. The twins, at left, shelter under their mother at a watering hole.Paternity tests suggest the twins’ father to be a 44-year-old elephant bull, who died just over a year ago. (African elephant pregnancies last some 645 days – around 22 months.) The sex of the twins remains unconfirmed, as park rangers want to give them space to grow and beat the mortality odds for elephant twins.“This is the best approach,” Whyte says. “Mortality of one of the twins usually occurs as the increasing demand for milk by two calves cannot be met by the mother and the less dominant of the two calves usually cannot gain access to its share.“One rather famous matriarch in Kruger dubbed MaMerle produced a set of twins in 2002, both of which survived to post weaning age, and she then produced a second set in 2006, both of which had survived to more than a year old when she was last seen. Curve needs a stress free environment to beat the odds.”Since 2008 Pongola Game Reserve has had well-established measures to keep the elephant population stable. These include vasectomies as well as gonadotropin-releasing hormone, to ensure the number of elephants to not exceed the food resources available. With enough to sustain them, and given their safe birth, the twins have a good chance of living long and healthy lives.
Editor’s note: This post is one of a series by Eric Whetzel about the design and construction of his house in Palatine, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. The first blog in his series was called An Introduction to a New Passive House Project; a list of Eric’s previous posts appears below. For more details, see Eric’s blog, Kimchi & Kraut. Continuous insulation and double-stud walls both are options for high-performance walls, but we decided continuous insulation (CI, for short) made the most sense to us. Continuous insulation has its own challenges, especially in terms of air and water sealing details around windows and doors. Still, it intuitively seemed the way to go. For anyone interested in the performance of various wall assemblies, this paper from the Building Science Corp. is an excellent place to start. Or you can check out Hammer and Hand’s evolving wall assembly strategies. And here’s a mock-up wall assembly by Hammer and Hand showing many of the details we incorporated into our own house:RELATED ARTICLESAll About RainscreensHow to Vent a RainscreenExterior Insulation Is Like A Sweater For Your HouseHow to Attach a Thick Layer of Exterior InsulationThe Case for Continuous Insulation While many believe a double stud wall simplifies much of the framing, we decided that a continuous insulation approach, which in theory should better manage seasonal moisture changes inside the walls, was worth the extra effort. Two continuous layers of mineral wool Based on the drawings from our original builder, Evolutionary Home Builders, which recommended 3 3/4 inches of rigid foam, and the recommendations of both PHIUS and Green Building Advisor for our Climate Zone 5 location, we decided to go with 4 inches of Rockwool Comfortboard 80 on top of our Zip System sheathing. In the Chicagoland area it’s still a struggle to find builders or subcontractors who are knowledgeable about, or even interested in, “green building.” Even though PHIUS has dozens of certified builders and consultants listed for Illinois and the larger Midwest region, it’s unclear just how many of them have worked directly on an actual Passive House project. Until there’s more demand from consumers, or the building codes change significantly, it’s difficult to imagine the situation improving much in the near future. This is unfortunate since particularly here in the Chicago area, or the Midwest more broadly, homes could really benefit from the Passive House model (or something close to it, e.g. The Pretty Good House concept) to cope with our weather extremes. Many lookers, few takers In our own case, when I think of all the individual trades we had to hire, a siding contractor was far and away the most difficult to secure. Because of the level of detail involved before the siding itself could be installed, it was a real challenge even to get quotes. As things turned out, we had nearly 20 contractors (a mix of dedicated siding contractors and carpenters) visit the job site before we received an actual estimate. Many of those who visited the job site expressed genuine interest, most going so far as to acknowledge that this kind of wall assembly made sense and would probably be mandated by the residential code at some point in the future. But almost without exception they would disappear after leaving the job site—no bid forthcoming, and no response to my follow-up phone calls or emails. Clearly they were terrified, not without justification, to tackle something so new, viewing our project through a lens of risk rather than as an opportunity to learn something new. From their point of view, why not stick with the type of jobs they’ve successfully completed hundreds of times in the past? It also didn’t help that I was a first-time homeowner/GC, rather than a GC with a long track record of previously built homes in the area. In addition, not only is continuous insulation over sheathing a novel concept in the Chicago area, especially in residential builds, including a ventilated rainscreen gap behind siding is almost unheard of. Typically, fiber cement lap siding is installed directly over housewrap (this can be observed directly on hundreds of job sites across the city and suburbs). While there are any number of certified LEED projects in our area, and even some Passive House projects (both residential and commercial), for the most part consumers are still largely unaware of Passive House or other “green” building standards like Living Building Challenge. Clearly “green” building, let alone Passive House, has its work cut out for it here in the Midwest if it ever hopes to have a meaningful impact on the construction industry. Installing the Rockwool insulation Mike Conners, from Kenwood Passivhaus, was nice enough to recommend Siding and Window Group, which definitely got us out of a jam. Thankfully, Greg, the owner, was up for the challenge and was nice enough to let us work with two of his best guys, Wojtek and Mark. Wojtek and Mark dropped off some of their equipment at the site the day before they were to start work on the house. This gave me a chance to go through many of the details with them directly. Although a little apprehensive, they were also curious, asking a lot of questions as they tried to picture how all the elements of the assembly would come together. In addition to the construction drawings, the series of videos from Hammer and Hand on its Madrona Passive House were incredibly helpful. Also, this video from Pro Trade Craft helped to answer some of the “How do you…?” questions that came up during the design and build phases: As sophisticated and intricate as some architectural drawings may be, in my experience nothing beats a good job site demonstration video that shows how some newfangled product or process should be properly installed or executed. On the first day, while Wojtek and Mark installed the Z-flashing between the Zip sheathing and the foundation, along with head flashings above the windows and doors, I started putting up the first pieces of Rockwool over the Zip sheathing. We found it easier to embed the metal flashings in a bead of Prosoco’s Fast Flash. Once in position, an additional bead of Fast Flash went over the face of the flashing, ensuring a water tight connection between the metal and the Zip sheathing. We installed the first layer of Rockwool horizontally. The second would be oriented vertically. This alternating pattern helps ensure that seams are overlapped. An outside corner shows the Z-flashing covering the face of the Rockwool that had been applied on the foundation wall. This shows the first layer of Rockwool on above-grade walls. We didn’t worry too much about the orange plastic cap nails missing studs since they were sized to mostly end up in the Zip sheathing. In the end, only a couple of them made it completely through the Zip without hitting a stud. Before installing the bottom row of Rockwool we used shims to create a slight gap between the Rockwool and the metal Z-flashing on the foundation insulation. This will give any water that ever reaches the Zip sheathing a clear pathway out. In a pattern that would repeat itself with each layer of the remaining wall assembly, Wojtek and Mark would carefully think through the details as they progressed slowly at first, asking questions as issues arose, before getting the feel for what they were doing and eventually picking up speed as they progressed around each side of the house. Dealing with door and window openings Working through the many details with Wojtek and Mark — the majority of which occur at junctions like windows and doors, the top and bottom of the walls, along with mainly outside corners — was both collaborative and deeply gratifying. They demonstrated curiosity and an ability to problem-solve on the fly, and they clearly wanted to do things right, both for me as a customer and for the house as a completed structure (it felt like both aesthetically and in building science terms). The first layer of mineral wool where it intersects a window buck. They never hurried over specific problem areas, arrogantly suggesting they knew better, instead they patiently considered unanticipated consequences, potential long-term issues, and actively questioned my assumptions in a positive way that improved the overall quality of the installation. This mixture of curiosity, intelligence, and craftsmanship was a real pleasure to observe and work with. If a GC built this level of rapport with each subcontractor, I can certainly understand a refusal to work with anyone outside of their core team—it just makes life so much easier, and it makes being on the job site a real pleasure. A second layer of mineral wool goes on around the mechanical systems. Weaving the seams at outside corners helps reduce energy losses. For the second layer of Rockwool, Wojtek and Mark tried to hit only studs with the 3-inch Trufast MP-3000 screws. Screwing into the studs with these fasteners, in effect, became a guide for accurately hitting studs with the first layer of strapping. Here’s the west side of the house with two layers of mineral wool installed. If our lot had been larger, we would’ve gone with a completely detached garage, but unfortunately it just wasn’t an option. We left a gap between the garage and the house so both layers of mineral wool could slip between the two, keeping the thermal layer on the house unbroken. Both layers of mineral wool fit in a gap between the garage and the house. Installing battens to create a rainscreen Initially we were going to use two layers of 1×4 furring strips (also referred to as strapping or battens). The first layer would be installed vertically, attaching directly over the 2×6 framing members through the two layers of Rockwool and the Zip sheathing. The second layer would be installed horizontally, anticipating that the charred cedar siding would be oriented vertically on the house. But as the second layer of Rockwool went up, Wojtek and Mark pointed out that putting the siding in the same plane as the Rockwool/metal flashing on the basement foundation would be needlessly tricky. Maintaining a 1/8-inch horizontal gap between the bottom edge of the vertical siding and the metal flashing on the foundation around the house would be nearly impossible, and any variation might prove unsightly. As a solution, we decided to use 2×4s for the first layer of strapping. This allowed the siding to be pushed slightly out and farther away from the Z-flashing covering the face of the Rockwool on the foundation. The bottom edge of the siding could be lowered. Wojtek and Mark also found that the 2×4s were easier to install than the 1×4 furring strips so that they didn’t overly compress the insulation (an easy thing to do). Unfortunately, increasing the overall wall thickness with 2×4s meant having to use longer Fastenmaster Headlok screws (it would also cost us later when it came to the siding on the north side of the house—more on this later). Apart from this change, the additional overall wall thickness mostly just increased the air gap in our rainscreen, which arguably just increased potential air flow while also expanding the drainage plane behind the eventual siding. In one of the Hammer and Hand videos Sam Hagerman mentions that at least 1 1/2 inch of screw should be embedded into the framing (excluding the thickness of the sheathing). But when I asked a Fastenmaster engineer about this directly he recommended a full 2 inches of the screw should be embedded into the framing in order to avoid any significant deflection over time. As a result, we ended up using 8 1/2-inch screws. The screws work incredibly well, requiring no pre-drilling. They’re fun to use with an impact driver (keep your battery charger nearby). Along with the plastic cap nails and Trufast screws, I think we ended up with less than a dozen fasteners that missed the mark for the entire house—a testament to Wojtek and Mark’s skill. I was able to seal around these errant fasteners from the inside with a dab of HF Sealant. During the design stage, using these longer screws prompted concerns regarding deflection, but based on this GBA article, data provided by Fastenmaster, along with some fun on-site testing, the lattice network of strapping (whether all 1×4s or our mix of 2×4s and 1×4s) proved to be incredibly strong, especially when the siding material is going to be relatively light tongue and groove cedar. The lattice work that will support vertical cedar siding consists of one layer of 2x4s and a second, horizontal layer of 1x4s. Once the 2×4s were all installed vertically through the structural 2×6s as our first layer of strapping, Wojtek and Mark could install the components of the rainscreen, including the Cor-A-Vent strips at the top and bottom of the walls, as well as above and below windows and doors. In combination with the 2×4s and the 1×4s, this system creates a drainage plane for any water that makes its way behind the siding, while also providing a space for significant air flow, speeding up the drying time for the siding when it does get wet. In addition to the Cor-A-Vent strips, we also added window screening at the bottom of the walls just as added insurance against insects. We noticed that on the garage, even without any insulation, the Cor-A-Vent didn’t sit perfectly flat in some areas on the sheathing. Since the Rockwool on the foundation, now covered by the metal flashing, was unlikely to be perfectly level, or otherwise true, along any stretch of wall, it made sense to us to double up our protection in this way against insects getting into the bottom of our walls at this juncture. Wojtek and Mark also did a nice job of taking their time to shim the 1×4 layer of furring strips, thus ensuring a flat installation of the charred cedar. This really paid off, not only making their lives easier when installing the tongue and groove cedar, but also providing aesthetic benefits in the overall look of the siding. This was especially true on the north side of the house, which has the largest area of charred siding with almost no interruptions, apart from a single window. It’s also the tallest part of the house, so without proper shimming the outcome could’ve been really ugly. Instead, once the cedar siding was installed it was impossible to tell there was 4 inches of Rockwool and two layers of strapping between it and the Zip sheathing. Detailing around windows and doors Things got somewhat complicated around windows and doors, but once we worked through all the details for one window it made the remaining windows and doors relatively straightforward. In the photo below you can see all the elements coming together: the window itself, the window buck covered with tapes for air and water sealing, the over-insulation for the window frame, the Cor-A-Vent strip to establish air flow below the window and behind the cedar siding, along with the strapping that both establishes the air gap for the rainscreen while also providing a nailing surface for the siding. Once most of the siding was complete around each window, but before the 1×6 returns to the window frames went in, we installed a metal sill pan at each window. The pan slid underneath the bottom edge of the aluminum clad window frame and then extended out just past the edge of the siding (I’ll post photos of this detail in the next blog post about installing the charred cedar). Here’s an article from the Journal of Light Construction discussing a couple of options for trim details. And here’s a detailed slide presentation by Bronwyn Barry regarding details like these for a Passive House wall assembly: Sills and Thresholds – Installation Details. Details coming together around a window. Head flashing at the top of a window with doubled up Cor-A-Vent strips above it. A 1×4 nailed across the Cor-A-Vent will create a nailing surface for the siding. Many of the same details were repeated at the top and bottom of our two doorways. Once a dedicated metal sill pan was installed (after most of the siding was installed), it felt like we did everything we could to keep water out. In the next blog post I’ll go through the details for the top of the ventilated rainscreen when discussing how the charred cedar siding was installed. Other posts by Eric Whetzel The Blower Door Test Choosing and Installing a Ductless Minisplit Installing an ERV Choosing Windows Attic Insulation Installing an Airtight Attic Hatch Air Sealing the Exterior Sheathing Installing a Solar Electric System Prepping for a Basement Slab Building a Service Core Air Sealing the Attic Floor Ventilation Baffles Up on the Roof A Light Down Below Kneewalls, Subfloor and Exterior Walls Let the Framing Begin Details for an Insulated Foundation The Cedar Siding is Here — Let’s Burn It An Introduction to a New Passive House Project