After the two prosecution star witnesses identified the seven persons accused of being part and parcel of the robbery on a Meten-Meer-Zorg grocery store that led to the death of Zulfikar Namdar; the jury will soon determine innocence or guilt after three weeks on trial. This comes after Defence Counsels Nigel Hughes, Adrian Thompson and George Thomas presented their cases before the 12 members on Wednesday at the High Court in Georgetown.Allan Dorsett called “Baird”; Delwayne Croft; Esan Lawrence, called “Muscle”; Jermaine Williams, called “Yankee”; Andrew Chandler, called “Sonic”; Samuel Bacchus, called “Kirk”; and Cassandra Singh-Dorsett have all denied murdering Namdar. The 20-year-old man met his demise in September 2013 when masked gunmen stormed his parents’ premises asking for cash and the boss man.The lawyers sought to highlight inconsistencies in the testimonies of star witnesses Chris Jagdeo and self-confessed drug dealer Nick Skeete. Skeete said the attack was planned in his backyard when the male defendants were smoking cannabis they purchased from him. Meanwhile, Chris Jagdeo claimed he watched the Dorsett’s baby and was there when the alleged robbers returned from the crime scene.The robbers reportedly made off with jewellery and cash from Mrs Namdar but the store owner, Goolzar Namdar, said he remained in hiding when he spotted the masked attackers. During the trial, the jury heard from Police that Mrs Dorsett allegedly gave the men head ties to cover their faces before the crime was committed.Justice Navindra Singh has been presiding over the matter while Prosecutors Tuanna Hardy, Abigail Gibbs and Teriq Mohammed prosecuted the case. The verdict is expected to be handed down on Monday.
A young woman who was caught with a taser gun said she carried it for her own protection after a previous experience.Shauna Gallagher was caught with the taser which was shaped like a torch when stopped by Gardai at Manorcunningham on March 20th last. Gardai had stopped the Subaru Legacy car which Ms Gallagher was traveling as part of a drugs investigation.The taser was found in the back of the car and Ms Gallagher, aged 23, admitted she owned the instrument.She told Garda Darren Carter that she had bought the taser online after she had suffered a previous experience.Garda Carter asked if she knew it was illegal to own such an instrument and she said she did not.She said she knew that the taser would give a sting to someone and would allow time to escape from a situation.She told Gardai “I haven’t hurt anyone in my life. This is the first time in my life I have been in trouble and it is for trying to protect myself.“I have this fear that something is going to happen to me. I wasn’t aware that it is illegal to have it and I have never used it.”Ms Gallagher, of Riverview Apartments in Letterkenny was arrested and later charged with an offence under the Firearms and Dangerous Weapons Act.Having heard the evidence solicitor Rory O’Brien said he was seeking an application to have the charge dismissed.He said that Gardai could not prove that Ms Gallagher had intended to use the taser to intimidate or hurt anyone.He also said that when the taser was seized it was in a public place but was in a private car.Judge Paul Kelly said he felt there was an intention to use the instrument as the accused woman had admitted she knew it would give a sting.However, he accepted the taser was found in a private vehicle parked in a public place.Because of that the taser was not in a public place and it was in a private car which a person would have to be invited into if the taser was to be used.Because of this the application to dismiss the case was accepted.Woman caught with taser said it was for her own protection was last modified: September 7th, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:courtguntazer
CNN International anchor Richard Quest chats to Brand South Africa CEO Miller Matola and Goldman Sachs South Africa MD Colin Coleman after the CNN-Brand South Africa breakfast forum hosted by the Nelson Mandela Foundation in Johannesburg on Tuesday 13 May. (Image: Nokuphila Nyawo)• Sandisiwe GugushePublic Relations International: Brand South Africa+27 11 483 0122+27 73 126 [email protected] PhilipDelegates leaving Nigeria’s capital of Abuja after last week’s World Economic Forum meeting largely agreed. To maintain Africa’s growth trajectory, governments must continue to reform institutions, extend cooperation and implement innovative policies to strengthen trade and scale up investments.“Was the WEF worth it, or was it not just more hot air?” was the question pugnacious CNN International anchor Richard Quest put to a CNN-Brand South Africa breakfast forum hosted by the Nelson Mandela Foundation on the morning of Tuesday 13 May. “What does all that blather mean?” Quest asked a panel made up of Brand South Africa CEO Miller Matola, Telkom chair Jabu Mabuza and Goldman Sachs MD Colin Coleman – all delegates to the WEF meeting in Nigeria.About 50 of South Africa’s most influential business people attended the breakfast, held at the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory in Johannesburg.People holding the same opinions in a room is a chat, but that is not what the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory is about, said centre director Sello Hatang as he introduced the panel. “We want to get people in the same room who would not even speak to one another.” So the uncompromising Quest was the perfect host.The discussion was not as adversarial as that, but Quest was after straight answers. The WEF conference highlighted opportunities in Africa but what, Quest wanted to know, were the challenges? As is his way, he pushed for substantive answers whenever he got vague replies.Mabuza argued that given the issue of terror in Nigeria, with the abduction of 276 schoolgirls by Boko Haram jihadists, the WEF meeting was important. “We can’t call for the release of those kids and send them back to school like millions of others in Africa without talking about the future we are creating for them,” he said.Quest goaded a response from the panel about Nigeria taking over South Africa’s crown as the biggest economy in Africa. Coleman was quick to respond: “If you look at our economy, it is far more sophisticated than Nigeria’s. And our per capita income is double theirs.”Quest listens to a response from the panel. (Image: Shamin Chibba)Removing barriers to growthThe panel concurred that education and a more cooperative legislative framework were the keys to sustaining growth in Africa, but how to make improvements was where different opinions arose.Entrepreneurship, private investment and government must all be harnessed to keep the good news coming out of Africa, the panel agreed. Coleman and Mabuza mentioned companies like MTN and Shoprite, which had spotted opportunities in Africa and built businesses worth, in the case of MTN, R50-billion.Coleman cautioned, “When you speak to businesses on the ground they say, ‘We need much shorter times on the border posts, ships going through ports, rail to get coal to ports. We need just the basic obstacles for trade.’ I think people are starting to talk constructively about this.”Locally, Coleman believes South Africa does not need a new legislative direction to grow. Dynamism is one thing, he said – but South Africa needed to be boring in the years ahead. “The legislative framework exists, there is no need to change direction, and we simply need to implement what already exists.”Panellists Miller Matola, Jabu Mabuza and Colin Coleman. (Image: Shamin Chibba)Is Africa rising?Quest fell back on a familiar analogy about development and the idea, expressed by all, that Africa is rising. “It’s like waiting for a soufflé to rise that never does. Are the ingredients right, or is there not enough heat?” he pressed.Matola countered: “Look beyond the perceptions and you will see the opportunities created by what is happening on the ground. There are new enterprises, there is increased stability.“Africa is rising,” Matola stressed.Coleman made the point that Africa’s rise has only just begun. “Africa is at the beginning of its journey but it is a very fascinating journey,” he said. “By 2030 Africa will add $12-trillion to the world economy from a $2-trillion base. Growth rates between now and 2030 will be among the highest in the world.”Born frees and democracyThe question of Africa’s youthful population and their political and economic participation also arose. One issue was young South Africans born after 1994, the “born-frees” who have no experience of apartheid.Quest hosted an hour of the Redi Thlabi Show on Talk Radio 702 on Monday 12 May, and admitted to hanging up on a caller who said they had not voted. “I can’t understand that, especially in a country with so recent a history of bloodshed. Large chunks of them [the born frees] seem not to be politically conscious or able to grasp the impact they will have on the country.”Matola responded: “They are crying out to get involved. Our born frees are becoming more aware of their rights and responsibilities and the role they can play in sustaining our democracy. The challenge is how to get them involved.”The only empty seat at the breakfast became a prop for Quest as he urged the panellists to imagine President Jacob Zuma seated and eager to listen to their message. Matola said he would ask for policy certainty and a steadfast implementation of the National Development Programme, or NDP. Mabuza agreed that the implementation of the NDP would improve South African growth. Coleman reasoned that “appointing the best people and holding them responsible” was the best recipe for the country going forward.
Citation: Sperm whale clans found to change location in ways similar to humans (2016, October 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-10-sperm-whale-clans-ways-similar.html More information: Mauricio Cantor et al. Cultural turnover among Galápagos sperm whales, Royal Society Open Science (2016). DOI: 10.1098/rsos.160615AbstractWhile populations may wax and wane, it is rare for an entire population to be replaced by a completely different set of individuals. We document the large-scale relocation of cultural groups of sperm whale off the Galápagos Islands, in which two sympatric vocal clans were entirely replaced by two different ones. Between 1985 and 1999, whales from two clans (called Regular and Plus-One) defined by cultural dialects in coda vocalizations were repeatedly photo-identified off Galápagos. Their occurrence in the area declined through the 1990s; by 2000, none remained. We reassessed Galápagos sperm whales in 2013–2014, identifying 463 new females. However, re-sighting rates were low, with no matches with the Galápagos 1985–1999 population, suggesting an eastward shift to coastal areas. Their vocal repertoires matched those of two other clans (called Short and Four-Plus) found across the Pacific but previously rare or absent around Galápagos. The mechanisms behind this cultural turnover may include large-scale environmental regime shifts favouring clan-specific foraging strategies, and a response to heavy whaling in the region involving redistribution of surviving whales into high-quality habitats. The fall and rise of sperm whale cultures off Galápagos reflect the structuring of the Pacific population into large, enduring clans with dynamic ranges. Long-lasting clan membership illustrates how culture can be bound up in the structure and dynamics of animal populations and so how tracking cultural traits can reveal large-scale population shifts. (Phys.org)—A small team of researchers with members from Dalhousie University, Aarhus University and the University of St. Andrews, has found that sperm whale clans living off the coast of the Galápagos Islands were replaced by two others over the course of a decade. In their paper uploaded to the open access site Royal Society Open Science, the team describes their study of the whales, what they learned and why they believe the behavior they observed suggests the whale clans have a form of culture. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. A mother sperm whale and her calf off the coast of Mauritius. The calf has remoras attached to its body. Credit: Gabriel Barathieu/Wikipedia/CC BY-SA 2.0 Explore further The researchers began studying the whales back in 1985, taking pictures of them to assist in identifying and tracking individual members and using sonar microphones to record the sounds they made to communicate with one another. After analyzing the recordings, the researchers concluded that the whales living in the area were actually two groups, or clans—each communicating in their own dialect, which the team calls their coda. They named the clans based on the recordings—the Regular Clan (because of their regular spaced clicks) and the Plus-One Clan (because their clicks were longer). The researchers continued to monitor the whales even they declined and then vanished altogether by 1999. The whales had not died, the researchers note; they simply emigrated to another part of the ocean off the coast of Chile and the Gulf of California. The researchers then began working on other projects until they heard reports in 2013 that the whales had returned. This caused the team to return to the islands to renew their study of the whales. But the group found that the whales living there were not the same ones that had been there before. There were two clans, but neither were members of the prior clans they had studied; both communicated with different dialects. As before, they named the clans based on their codas: the Short clan and the Four-Plus clan.The researchers do not know why the first two clans emigrated, but suggest it might have something to do with human hunting practices or changes in the food supply due to El Niño events. They also suggest that having one clan replace another that moved out of an area is a behavior that has only ever been seen before in humans. Journal information: Royal Society Open Science © 2016 Phys.org Study on Pacific sperm whales suggests culture isn’t just for humans
Kolkata: The state Co-Operation department will conduct co-operative census of the different types of co operatives including co-operative banks with an objective to streamline its functioning and prevent money laundering associated with the co-operatives acorss the state.”There are a total of 30,000 co-operatives in the state and corruption had been at its peak particularly during the Left Front regime in the state. A number of co-operative banks had closed down due to siphoning of money. We have taken steps to revive a number of co operative societies and banks across the state. The census will enable us to conduct audit of all the cooperatives and prevent corruption,” said Co- Operation Minister Arup Roy in response to a query on corruption at co-operative banks raised by TMC MLA Abdul Khalek Mollah. According to the minister , Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has instructed him to revive the co-operative sector with the rural economy being entirely dependent on the district central co-operative banks. The department has already constituted prevention of fraud cell led by a legal adviser to prevent frauds at co-operative banks. A district co operative bank at Birbhum was recently on the verge of closure due to money laundering and the department chipped in with Rs 112 crore for its revival. There have been a number of cases where the department has allocated funds for similar cases. It may be mentioned that the co-operative banks in the state have been performing well with the state credit deposit (CD) ratio of cooperative banks in the state standing at 81.16 percent against the national CD ratio of 70 percent . “Our Chief Minister wants strengthening of co operative banks in such a manner so that loans for government schemes like Kanyashree, Yuvasree etc can be disbursed thorough the co operative banks,” an official in the department said.
Mozilla announced funding for the seven projects of its 2018 Creative Media Awards, earlier this week. These projects aimed at promoting art and advocacy to highlight the unintended and indirect consequences of artificial intelligence in our everyday lives. Mozilla’s Creative Media Awards is an initiative taken by Mozilla to support and promote a healthy internet ecosystem. Mozilla announced, in June this year, that it will be awarding $225,000 to the winner technologists and media makers. “We’re seeking projects that explore artificial intelligence and machine learning. In a world where biased algorithms, skewed data sets, and broken recommendation engines can radicalize YouTube users, promote racism, and spread fake news, it’s more important than ever to support artwork and advocacy work that educates and engages internet users”, reads the Mozilla awards page. The creative media awards are a part of the NetGain Partnership. NetGain Partnership is a collaboration between Mozilla, Ford Foundation, Knight Foundation, MacArthur Foundation, and the Open Society Foundation. The winners of the seven projects come from five different countries, namely, the U.S, the U.K, Netherlands, India, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The winners used science fiction, short documentaries, games, and other media to make the” impact of Artificial Intelligence on the society understandable”. These seven projects will be launched by June 2019. Let’s have a look at these projects. Stealing Ur Feelings Stealing Ur Feelings will be an interactive documentary by Noah Levenson in the U.S. Levenson, has been awarded $50,000 as a prize. The documentary will be exploring how an emotion recognition AI tracks whether you’re happy or sad. It will also reveal how companies use that data to influence your behavior. Do Not Draw a Penis Do Not Draw a Penis by Moniker in the Netherlands aims at addressing automated censorship and algorithmic content moderation. Moniker has also been awarded $50,000 as a prize. In Do Not Draw a Penis, users will have to visit a web page and will be met with a blank canvas. On that blank canvas, users can draw whatever they want, and an AI voice will comment on their drawings ( such as “nice landscape!”). However, in case the drawing resembles a penis or other explicit content, the AI will scold the user and destroy the image. A Week With Wanda A week with Wanda by Joe Hall from the UK will be a web-based simulation of risks and rewards attached to Artificial Intelligence. Hall has been awarded $25,000 as a prize. Wanda is an AI assistant that interacts with users over the course of one week to “improve” their lives. So, Wanda might send “uncouth” messages to Facebook friends or order you anti-depressants. It might even freeze your bank account, however, Wanda’s actions are simulated, not real. Survival of the Best Fit Survival of the Best Fit by Alia ElKattan in the United Arab Emirates is a web-based simulation of how blinding use of AI during the hiring process reinforces workplace inequality. ElKattan has been awarded $25000 as a prize. Survival of the Best Fit presents users with an algorithm to experience how white-sounding names are prioritized, among other related biases. The Training Commission The Training Commission is a web-based fiction by Ingrid Burrington and Brendan Byrne in the U.S. This team was awarded $25,000 as a prize. The Training Commission tells stories of AI’s unintended consequences and harms to public life. What Do You See? What do you see| by Suchana Seth from India highlights and explores how differently humans and algorithms “see” the same image, and how easily bias can kick in. Seth has been awarded $25,000 as a prize. What do you see involves humans having to visit a website and describe an image in their own words, without the help of prompts. Then, humans will see how an image captioning algorithm explaining the same image. Mate Me or Eat Me Mate Me or Eat Me is a dating simulator by Benjamin Berman in the U.S. Berman has also been awarded $25,000 as the prize. Mate Me or Eat Me examines how exclusionary real dating apps can be. Users will have to create a monster and mingle with others, swiping right and left to either mate with or eat others. Users are also presented with an insight on how their choice impacts who they see next as well as who all have been excluded from their pool of potential paramours. These seven awardees were selected depending on the quantitative scoring of their applications by a review committee. Committee members comprise the Mozilla staff, current, and alumni Mozilla Fellows, as well as the outside experts. Diversity in applicant background, past work, and medium were also considered during the selection process. For more information, read the official Mozilla Blog. Read Next Mozilla announces $3.5 million award for ‘Responsible Computer Science Challenge’ to encourage teaching ethical coding to CS graduates Is Mozilla the most progressive tech organization on the planet right now? To bring focus on the impact of tech on society, an education in humanities is just as important as STEM for budding engineers, says Mozilla co-founder